Back Pain

Our spine is made up of a complex arrangement of ligaments, muscles, bones, and tendons, interconnected with nerves. This interconnected system makes us function properly and enables the mobility of an individual.  When there is a problem within these areas, it may lead to mild, or sharp or even chronic back pain.

Who are at high risk?

  • Age of the individual
  • An inactive lifestyle and Lack of exercise
  • A smoker
  • A pregnant woman
  • Bad posture
  • Physical Job with a lot of heavy lifting that would put a strain on the back
  • Sitting or standing for long periods of time
  • Heredity factors
  • Any form of accidental damages to the spinal nerves

Some symptoms to be aware of:

  • Experiencing constant pain or stiffness in your spine
  • Sharp local ache either in the upper back or lower back, usually occurs after finishing a heavy and tough lifting task
  • Constant ache in the middle

For a start it is worth remembering a little bit of anatomy. The spinal column consists of relatively small individual bones – vertebrae located one above the other. Between the bodies of the vertebrae are the disks, due to which the axial load is softened. Paired processes form joints with the following vertebrae. Also attached to the processes are muscles and ligaments that strengthen the spine and ensure its movement.

Located one above the other holes in the vertebrae form the vertebral canal – a container for the spinal cord

The spinal cord is a continuation of the brain and consists of nerve fibers, through which commands from the brain go to our organs and muscles, and information from sensitive receptors, on the contrary, goes from the periphery to the central nervous system for processing. Despite its protective role and the strength of nature, the spine (and with it the

The human body is a complex system that comprises of several organ systems which work together in synchronization for the sustenance of life. The central nervous System (CNS) is one such crucial system made up of the brain and the spinal cord. The spinal cord is a thin, fragile, tube-like structure made of a bunch of nerves and other tissues that start from the medulla oblongata of the brain and continues down to the lumbar region of the vertebral column, close to the buttocks. The nerves function as transmission lines that carry messages from the brain to the rest of the body and vice versa. This is why we are able to move, feel pressure, control vital functions like breathing, bladder, and bowel and perceive pain.

 

What is Spinal Cord Injury (SCI)

Any potential damage done to the spinal cord could disrupt the required communication between the brain and